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Navigating the Seasonal Surge: Influenza and Respiratory Illness Cases in Northeast Ohio

The festive spirit of the holiday season often brings with it an unwelcome visitor: an influx of germs, leading to a statewide increase in influenza cases and hospitalizations, particularly apparent in Northeast Ohio. This is according to the latest data from the Ohio Department of Health, which classifies the current flu activity in the state as ‘high’. Although this is a slight improvement from the ‘very high’ rates reported a week earlier, Northeast Ohio bears the brunt of these hospitalizations. Looking closely at the figures, 307 out of 606 people – thereby constituting 51% of all influenza hospitalizations in the state – were patients from hospitals in Northeast Ohio, as of the week ending on January 6th. The silver lining is that aside from these hospitalizations, all other flu activity indicators seem to be on a downward trend.

Analyzing the situation at a national level, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates that during the Christmas week, Ohio along with 37 other states demonstrated high or very high levels of respiratory illnesses, a category that includes the flu. The influenza virus showcased the most significant nationwide increase. Dr. Badie Al Nemr, an infectious disease specialist affiliated with Aultman Hospital in Canton, suggests that these statistics align with expectations drawn from past trends. The pressure on hospitals intensifies during this period, but the surge is anticipated based on historical trends. The 2023-2024 flu season kicked off in Ohio on October 1. As of now, the state has recorded 2,055 flu-related hospitalizations with around 47% (or 967 cases) emerging from Northeast Ohio. The most affected areas are counties such as Columbiana, Mahoning, Portage, Stark, Summit, Wayne, and Tuscarawas.

It should be noted, these figures don’t account for outpatient visits or illnesses that weren’t reported to healthcare facilities. CDC reports traditionally indicate the peak of flu activity in February, with December and January also being major contributors. According to Joe Milicia, a spokesperson for Cleveland Clinic, the previous year’s flu season peaked in mid-December, something that hasn’t yet occurred this time around. Similar to the last year, Cleveland Clinic hospitals, including Mercy in Canton, are witnessing the same influx of flu cases.

However, a steady increase in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) cases and around 200 COVID-19 related hospitalizations are adding to the healthcare burden. Dr. Nemr speculates another spike could occur before the flu season concludes but maintains it’s too early for concrete predictions. Summa Health, a hospital system based in Akron, observed a drop in flu and COVID-19 cases post-Christmas week. However, the outpatient visits for these illnesses remain high, albeit showing a slight downward trend.

Effective infectious control measures are key to managing this healthcare challenge, as certain respiratory illnesses like the flu can be prevented through vaccination. Other suggested precautions include home isolation when ill, mask-wearing, practicing proper cough etiquette, and regular hand sanitization. While hospitals advise patients to adhere to these practices, several require their staff to implement the same. Maintaining a balanced diet, staying adequately hydrated, implementing a daily exercise regime, managing stress levels, and ensuring sufficient sleep are recommended to boost immunity.

Source: https://www.cantonrep.com/story/news/healthcare/2024/01/13/ohio-influenza-respiratory-illnesses-increase-activity/72173792007/

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