As healthcare professionals greet the New Year, they are facing the challenge of rapidly spreading respiratory illnesses. Hospitals across the nation are reporting high prevalence of COVID-19, influenza and Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV). The CDC’s most recent statistics reveal an upward trend, with emergency room visits for respiratory illnesses increasing by over 8% in recent weeks. Particularly, Indiana emerges as a state bearing the brunt of high respiratory disease levels. According to Dr. Christopher Belcher, the Infection Prevention Medical Director at Ascension St. Vincent, this spike is a seasonal occurrence and Indiana’s turn in the cycle.
From late fall, Central Indiana has witnessed a busy viral season. Despite COVID-19 rates rising, hospitals have managed to stay afloat, owing to the improvements in healthcare practices compared to the early stages of the pandemic. The surge puts stress on healthcare facilities but is considered manageable. Riley Hospital for Children has observed a similar incline in cases of Influenza A and B, alongside RSV and COVID-19, as confirmed by Dr. John Christenson, the Associate Medical Director of Infection Prevention.
He notes the changing demographic of the susceptible population coupled with the introduction of new strains, never observed in the area before. Despite this increase, it doesn’t rival the pandemic peak. The volume of rising cases is manageable as of now; yet the peak of this season hasn’t likely been reached.
Monitoring the escalation of illnesses has proven more complex recently. Fewer testing has resulted in fewer identified cases, hence the reliance on indicators such as emergency department visits for respiratory diseases or COVID and flu-like symptoms. Wastewater concentration monitoring is another reliable indicator of disease prevalence, as noted by Shaun Grannis, MD, the VP for Data and Analytics at the Regenstrief Institute.
Regardless of the less alarming numbers compared to previous years, change is inevitable, hence the need for continued vigilance. Healthcare professionals advise maintaining up-to-date vaccinations and practicing routine precautions such as hand hygiene and superior respiratory etiquette. For COVID-19 positive patients, it is recommended to self-isolate for a minimum of five days, extending to a ten-day period of continued social distancing and mask-wearing. For further guidelines and precautions, please refer to the official CDC website.