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Examining the Impact of Patient Safety Culture and Infection Prevention in Operating Rooms

This review scrutinizes a cross-sectional study led by Juliasih NN and an ensemble of researchers conducted across various hospitals and institutions. It demonstrates the correlation between the safety culture of a hospital, the prominence laid on infection prevention, and their implications in maintaining patient safety in the Operating Room (OR).

Utilizing the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), this analysis scrutinizes the efficacy of implementing practices related to patient safety and infection prevention.

Gathering data from 143 OR employees, this study deploys meticulous statistical methods, including multilinear regression, to deduce the impact of patient safety practices on the prevention of nosocomial infections in operating theatres. The results expose a preponderance of respondents in ‘excellent-accredited’ general hospitals, with most employees having undergone graduate-level education.

Domains of ‘Organizational Learning – Continuous Improvement,’ ‘Teamwork and Handoffs,’ and ‘Information Exchange’ witnessed notable positive responses, albeit areas such as ‘Staffing,’ ‘Work Pace,’ and ‘Patient Safety’ ranked lower.

The study alarmingly reveals a weakened patient safety culture in the operating room, underlining the urgency to accentuate continued improvements in this arena. It advocates the integration of infection prevention into surgical quality improvement programs as a means to enhance patient safety.

In conclusion, according to the study’s findings, the promotion of a wholesome patient safety culture and robust infection prevention measures are pivotal in safeguarding patients in the OR.


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