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Compliance with Infection Prevention and Control Measures: A Comparative Analysis of Occupational Blood Exposure Among Healthcare Workers

Occupational blood exposure (OBE) poses a significant health risk to healthcare workers, particularly nursing staff, making the analysis and mitigation of such risks a critical area of focus in infection control. The objective of our recently conducted study was to identify risk factors tied to OBE, assess the efficiency of the existing infection prevention and control strategies, and calculate the costs linked to these safety measures. Our research analysis took into account a specific timeframe, January 1 to December 31, 2018.

Study participants were divided into two distinct groups for comparative analysis: one group composed of nursing staff (observation group); the other group consists of non-nursing staff healthcare workers (control group). Our study revealed the highest incidence of OBE in the neurosurgery department. We identified independent factors like gender, age, occupational title, and work location influencing the rate of OBE among nursing staff. We discovered low usage rates of personal protective equipment (PPE) prior to OBEs in both groups.

The observation group displayed a higher proportion of blood expression following a sharps injury and a higher rate of re-evaluation at six months post-exposure. In terms of costs, we calculated an average per capita expenditure of 339.43 Chinese Yuan for infection prevention and control among nursing staff in 2018. Our findings underscore the need for improving PPE usage rates and re-evaluation rates of OBEs among nursing staff, with emphasis on the provision of training focused on emergency blood expression and compliance with policies for non-nursing personnel.

Source: https://www.dovepress.com/risk-factors-for-occupational-blood-exposure-compliance-with-policies–peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-IDR

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